Champlain, Samuel de


Champlain, Samuel de
(ca. 1567-1635)
   explorer
   Called the father of New France, samuel de Cham-plain was born in Brouage, but little is known of his early years before 1603. After probably studying cartography, he became a naval captain and, in 1603, made his first visit to North America. He explored the area of the St. Lawrence River in canada during his first visit. Upon returning to France, he published his account (Des Sauvages) of that journey and then, in 1604, made his second exploratory expedition to the area. At that time, he explored a region south of Canada (Acadia) and established a French colony. Champlain left, but in 1607, made his third visit and at that time established a trading post that was to become Quebec. in 1612, he was made lieutenant of the viceroy of New France. In 1613, he explored the area of the Ottawa River. Champlain had already (1608) allied himself and his men with the Algonquian and Huron Indians in their conflict with the Iroquois. Much of the time, Champlain, when not exploring in North America or organizing the French colony there, was in France, raising funds for that enterprise. In 1629, when British privateers took Quebec, Champlain was taken prisoner to England, where he was held until 1632. In 1633, he returned to New France, after the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye restored Quebec to France. Champlain accomplished much during his career. He produced the first accurate chart of the Atlantic coast from Newfoundland to Cape Cod, and made maps of the St. Lawrence River valley and the Great Lakes basin. He also published accounts of the indigenous peoples and helped to establish the basis for the French Empire in North America.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Champlain, Samuel de — • Founder of Quebec (1570 1635) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Champlain, Samuel — (1567? 1635)    WM His elevated sentiments, 20. Ch Birth and education, 1; sails to West Indies, Mexico, and Panama in command of Spanish vessel, 3, 4; suggests channel through isthmus, 5; captures English vessels and returns to France, 6;… …   The makers of Canada

  • Champlain, Samuel de — born 1567, Brouage, France died Dec. 25, 1635, Quebec, New France French explorer. He made several expeditions to North America before founding Quebec in 1608 with 32 colonists, most of whom did not survive the first winter. He joined with the… …   Universalium

  • Champlain, Samuel de — (1567, Brouage, Francia–25 dic. 1635, Quebec, Nueva Francia). Explorador francés. Realizó varias expediciones a América del Norte antes de fundar Quebec en 1608 junto a 32 colonos, la mayoría de los cuales no sobrevivió al primer invierno. Se… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Champlain,Samuel de — Cham·plain (shăm plānʹ, shäɴ plăɴʹ), Samuel de. 1567? 1635. French explorer who founded Port Royal, now Annapolis Royal, in Nova Scotia (1605) and established a settlement (1608) on the site of present day Quebec. * * * …   Universalium

  • Champlain, Samuel — ► (1567 1635) Colonizador francés. Realizó diversas expediciones a Canadá. Fundó la ciudad de Québec (1608) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • CHAMPLAIN, SAMUEL DE —    a French navigator, born at Brouage, in Saintonge, was founder of Quebec, and French Governor of Canada; wrote an account of his voyages (1570 1635) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Champlain, Samuel de —  (1567–1635) Founder of Quebec …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Samuel de Champlain — Born Samuel Champlain 1567 [1] Brouage, Province of Saintonge, France …   Wikipedia

  • Samuel Champlain — Samuel de Champlain Pour les articles homonymes, voir Samuel de Champlain (homonymie). Samuel de Champlain …   Wikipédia en Français


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